Case Story


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Initiative Name:
Port Health Surveillance System for Selected Caribbean States
Initiative Status:
Completed and consolidating results
Adaptation, replication or scaling up of a previous initiative?
Modality of the initiative:
Disease Prevention and Control
travel, vector borne infections, communicable diseases, health surveillance systems, port health, International Health Regulations, IHR, Reglamento Sanitario Internacional, RSI, vigilancia,

Geographic Identifiers

Countries Leading or Providing Technical Cooperation:
Barbados, Dominica, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago ,the Bahamas
Countries Demanding Technical Cooperation:
Barbados, Dominica, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago ,the Bahamas
Participating National Institutions, Organizations and/or Subregional Entities:
Ministries of Health of the involved countries and US CDC/Miami Port Health participated in a subregional consultation in 2005.
Participating International and Multilateral Organizations:
Initiative Start Date:
Initiative End Date:

Initiative Cost/Budget and Sources of Funding

Initiative Total Cost/Budget: (in US$)
Percentage Contributed by 3rd party sources:
100% (PAHO/WHO)

Initiative Description

The continuing increase in world-wide travel has led to increased threats and risk factors that are of public health concern. Foreign travel has given rise to problems associated with food and water safety, vector borne infections and exposure to certain foreign communicable diseases and occupational hazards. As a result, Barbados, the Bahamas, Trinidad and Tobago, St. Lucia, Dominica and St. Kitts and Nevis decided to cooperate between themselves to develop and enhance national capacities in port health surveillance. Jamaica was later included as an additional participant in the exchange due to the identified need to strengthen port health surveillance in Jamaica as well.

Through study tour trips, practical training sessions, and the exchange of experiences and challenges the project was successful in allowing the participating countries to adapt and adopt the basic guidelines in the implementation of port health surveillance system to each of their particular contexts. The main areas of review included: disease surveillance at airports and seaports, control of food trade, importation of animals, plants and other biological materials, vector control management at ports to prevent transmission of diseases spread by insects and rats; human resource needs and skills required for effective surveillance at ports; occupational health risks (related to activities/exposures at ports).

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