Case Story

 

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Initiative Name:
Strengthening the Public Health Surveillance Systems for Pesticides in Colombia and Bolivia
Initiative Status:
Completed and consolidating results
Adaptation, replication or scaling up of a previous initiative?
Yes
Modality of the initiative:
Triangular
Category(ies):
Disease Prevention and Control
Environmental Health, Sustainable Development and Intersectoral Action
Keywords:
Plaguicidas, Pesticides, Vigilancia, Surveillance, PLAGBOL, DANIDA

Geographic Identifiers

Region(s):
Americas
Countries Leading or Providing Technical Cooperation:
Colombia,Bolivia
Countries Demanding Technical Cooperation:
Colombia,Bolivia
Participating National Institutions, Organizations and/or Subregional Entities:
Bolivia: Ministerio de Salud y Deportes, Instituto Nacional de Salud Ocupacional, Proyecto Plaguicidas Bolivia (PLAGBOL). ONG: Diálogos de Dinamarca y Care de Bolivia
Participating International and Multilateral Organizations:
Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Initiative Start Date:
01-2005
Initiative End Date:
11-2005

Initiative Cost/Budget and Sources of Funding

Initiative Total Cost/Budget: (in US$)
70.400
Percentage Contributed by National Governments:
Colombia - $20.500 (29.1%)
Bolivia - $7.500 (10.6%)
Percentage Contributed by 3rd party sources:
OPS - $42.400 (60.2%)

Initiative Description

Summary
There is ample evidence of the importance of the role of pesticides in both health and the environment, as well as its role in economics and specifically the economics of regional integration mechanisms. Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru form the Andean Integration System (SAI), which is a set of institutions designed to coordinate the subregional integration and cooperation. One of the roles of the integration mechanism is to establish a consensually agreed upon registry and control of pesticides for the subregion. To achieve this goal, a Technical Manual for the Registration and Control of Chemical Pesticides for Agricultural Use in the Andean Region was approved, in order to regulate the use and application of these chemicals among the members of the SAI. Furthermore, this cooperation project in particular followed the example of a previous experience completed through PLAGSALUD “Occupational and environmental aspects of pesticide exposure in Central America”, which was financed by the Danish Agency for International Development (DANIDA) and implemented by the PAHO/WHO.

This project had the primary purpose of promoting a fluid knowledge exchange, based on the strengths that both Bolivia and Colombia posses in their respective efforts in public health surveillance of pesticides, in order to complement and strengthen each country’s current efforts with the other’s knowledge and experience. As part of the project implementation, different activities such as meetings, seminars, laboratory staff trainings to learn new methods, and workshops were carried out, among other things. Through the cooperation project, several tangible products were developed, such as a health surveillance system for pesticide poisoning, laboratory methodologies and manuals for laboratory techniques and procedures, educational materials, and health equipment for the diagnosis and treatment of poisoning cases.

Given the success of this project, ongoing support should be given to continue strengthening these types of bilateral and triangular cooperation projects and to integrate and include other countries as well, in order to improve harmonization and coordination of efforts and have a greater impact in the economic and health conditions of these regions. It is important to spread the protocol for epidemiological surveillance for pesticide poisoning to all South American countries, beyond just the Andean region.

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