Case Story


Click here to read the full case story (in Spanish)

Initiative Name:
Control and prevention of health risks caused by the use of pesticides in Paraguay and Bolivia
Initiative Status:
Completed and consolidating results
Adaptation, replication or scaling up of a previous initiative?
Modality of the initiative:
Environmental Health, Sustainable Development and Intersectoral Action
Plaguicidas, pesticides

Geographic Identifiers

Countries Leading or Providing Technical Cooperation:
Countries Demanding Technical Cooperation:
Participating National Institutions, Organizations and/or Subregional Entities:
Ministerio de Salud Pública y Bienestar Social de Paraguay (MSPBS), Centro de Información y Asesoramiento Toxicológico, ALTER VIDA, Ministerio de Salud y Deportes de Bolivia, Centro de Información Toxicológica Santa Cruz, Secretarias Departamentales de Salud de Bolivia, PLAGBOL, Escuela Nacional de Salud Pública, Hospitales de 5 departamentos de Bolivia.
Participating International and Multilateral Organizations:
Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS), Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS).
Initiative Start Date:
Initiative End Date:

Initiative Cost/Budget and Sources of Funding

Initiative Total Cost/Budget: (in US$)

Initiative Description

The use of pesticides is closely related to agricultural and livestock sectors, which, in the cases of Paraguay and Bolivia, form important parts of national production. In addition pesticide poisoning has a direct financial impact, due to hospitalizations, loss of work, outpatient care, and accidental deaths, among others. This is precisely why there is a need for systems and tools for the control of health risks and the prevention of issues associated with the exposure to pesticides, which was the primary purpose of this cooperation project.
Various activities were carried out under the project including trainings, formation of committees, research as well as assessments and evaluations. The project also applied an innovative education methodology known as SARAR (Safety in itself, Association with others, Reaction with talent, planned Actions, Responsibility), which was directed to educators and to community leaders and aimed at promoting a process of dynamic transformation based on five desirable personal qualities. Among the project’s tangible products were: a study on integrated pest management, an updated surveillance protocol for exposure to pesticides in Paraguay, a technical proposal for an Information Center and Toxicological Guidance (CIAT) in La Paz (Bolivia), and a decentralized CIAT in Canendiyú and Itapúa, Paraguay.

An action plan was also created for the national committee for pesticide control in Paraguay, as well as draft legislation that pulls together all of the necessary legal tools for the regulation of pesticides, which was based on a review of existing legislation in pesticides. Finally, college curriculums were developed to include toxicology programs in the areas of health, agriculture, and environment, which were then introduced into the main universities of both countries. A final recommendation was to develop a plan for the implementation of the Public Health Surveillance System for Pesticide Poisoning (SVEIAPS) to function in both countries. This would involve: strengthening laboratories so that they are capable of carrying out the basic tests in accordance with the epidemiological profile, following up on proposals to strengthen and implement the CIATS, promoting healthy and sustainable crop production using agroecology, and finally, promoting national committees for pesticides as well as progressing towards both regional and local level committees to address specific problems with pesticide poisoning in each country.

Click here to read more about the project/initiative (in Spanish)

Additional Material:

Links and Additional Resources:

Contact Information:

Name of Contact Person:
C. Juan José Pérez Nº 275, Edif. Grover

Additional contact:
Ing. Ricardo Torres, asesor en Salud Ambiental de la OPS-Bolivia
Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS)

Additional Contact Information:
DR. RAFAEL CERVANTES, de PLAGBOL, Director del Proyecto y Coordinador del Área de Salud