Toolkit on How to protect and Promote the Nutrition of Mothers and Children in Latin America and the Caribbean
Human Development -Health, Nutrition & Population
The World Bank – 2013
“Latin America and the Caribbean is one of the most vulnerable regions in the world to major crises and emergencies. The resultant economic and human costs can set back countries’ development for years. These crises and emergencies take a toll on the nutritional status of the most vulnerable, especially poor mothers and children. The poorest often live in a constant state of crisis as they are confronted with recurring financial, environmental, and social shocks. The malnutrition that ensues leads to irreversible negative impacts and generates high human, social, and economic costs that contribute to perpetuating poverty.
The rationale for this toolkit derives from three main principles:
1) the sound economic sense of investing in nutrition in the first 1,000 days of life;
2) the need to help countries faced with transitioning from stable times into and out of crisis to prevent potential irreversible damage to human capital and;
3) the imperative to build the resilience of the most vulnerable to shocks and to protect livelihoods.
The aim of this toolkit is to inform changes in countries’ policies and practices and to guide their attempts to deal with persistently high prevalence rates of malnutrition among their poorest, least educated, and indigenous populations. In a single-source compilation, it offers clear guidance on cost-efficient interventions to assist countries in safeguarding the nutritional status of mothers and children during times of stability, crisis, and emergency.
The value added of this toolkit is that it is the first to underscore the importance of protecting and promoting nutrition of mothers and children during times of crisis. It addresses the existing policy and information gaps by providing direction on how countries can protect and promote nutrition when faced with transitioning in and out of a crisis, by focusing especially on the unique window of opportunity represented by the first 1,000 days of life.
Moreover, it offers an assessment tool to evaluate countries’ readiness to protect the nutritional status of the most vulnerable as compared to international recommendations regarding key nutrition actions.
The toolkit comprises three main components:
- policy guidance for priority nutrition interventions and cross-cutting approaches;
- a country benchmarking; and
- case studies.
The methodology used to produce this toolkit was based on internationally validated scientific evidence and extensive consultations with countries. Development of the policy guidance entailed a rigorous review and synthesis of international policy guidelines as well as programmatic and technical documents. …”
Access on this link to the Toolkit.