The Almaty Programme of Action (APoA) – Addressing the Special Needs of Landlocked Developing Countries within a New Global Framework for Transit Transport Cooperation for Landlocked and Transit Developing Countries was adopted in 2003. The overarching goal of the Almaty Programme of Action is to forge partnerships to overcome the specific problems of the landlocked developing countries that result from their lack of territorial access to the sea and their remoteness and isolation from world markets.

Land Locked Developing Countries (LLDC) in Latin America and the Caribbean

  • Bolivia
  • Paraguay