Population Dynamics

Background

The global population has increased by two billion over the last 25 years, surpassing the 7 billion mark in late 2011. It is likely to increase by at least another two billion by 2050. Beyond the sheer numbers, the world is faced with unprecedented diversity in demographic situations across countries and regions, as well as within countries. Such diversity is mostly found in evolving demographic structures and the changing proportions of youth and elderly groups, and in different rates of fertility, morbidity and mortality, population growth, urbanization, and internal and international migration.

In addition, there are income and opportunity inequalities both within and throughout various countries in our region. These inequalities are many times associated with different aspects such as age, gender, ethnicity, and race. The majority of the projected growth in population in the coming decades will take place in developing countries and in the least developed countries, where it is probable that such growth will exacerbate poverty and increase the pressure on the economy, basic health and social services, and the environment.

Consultation – Objectives

1.) To stimulate wide-ranging discussion at global, regional and country levels, on progress made and lessons learned from the present MDGs relating to population dynamics.

2.) To discuss and develop a shared understanding – among Member States, UN Agencies, civil society, and others – on the positioning of population dynamics in the post 2015 development framework.

3.) To propose goals and related targets and indicators for the post 2015 development agenda, as well as approaches for implementation, measurement, and monitoring.

Consultation – Process

1.) Preparation of Analytical Papers – To help frame the debate, specific individuals, experts, academics and organizational partners will be invited to submit academic or policy-oriented papers focusing on why and how population dynamics / changes in population size and structure, population aging, migration and urbanization – should be integrated in the post 2015 development agenda. These papers, subject to review by the Consutlation Task Team, will be published on the dedicated web space for the consultation.

2.) Online Consultations – This consultation is an opportunity for a multitude of voices to be heard from governments, the UN system, civil society stakeholders, academia, media, national and international NGOs, and the private sector. The first online consultation will take place a week prior to an Expert Group Meeting to be held on November 19-20, 2012 to provide stakeholders an opportunity to raise issues or concerns and feed them into the Expert Group Meeting. Following the Expert Group meeting, a number of other online consultations will be held under the guidance of moderators on the following themes: high population growth; low population growth and aging; urbanization cities and sustainable development; migration and human mobility; and population, sustainable development.

3.) Consultations with Different Actors – The global thematic consultation on Population Dynamics consists of a sum of focused consultations and other relevant processes that will inform the High-Level Leadership and the final report. The focused consultations are:

  • Research community/academic
  • Civil Society
  • Private Sector

4.) High Level Leadership Meeting – this meeting will be convened in February/March 2013. High-level officials from governments, civil society/international NGO coalitions, UN partners, members of the SG’s High-Level Panel and members of the Open Working Group on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will discuss synthesized results and findings of online engagements, papers, and consultations.

Source: “Global Thematic Consultation on Population Dynamics in Post 2015 Development Agenda: Concept Note” – UNDESA, UNEP, UNFPA, UN Habitat, IOM – WorldWeWant2015.org