Inequality

 Introduction

Although the general health situation in the Region of the Americas has had important achievements, it continues being the region that presents the greatest income disparity in the world. There is currently a great disparity in the health situation in different countries and socioeconomic groups. It is known that the groups with the worst socioeconomic situations not only suffer a greater burden of disease, but they also have chronic diseases and disabilities at earlier ages, they have less access to health services and these health services are commonly low quality. At the global scale, there has been least progress on MDG 5 to reduce maternity mortality, the goal that often depends on increasing gender equality and realizing women’s rights. Inequalities and discrimination based on income, location, disability, and ethnicity intersect with gender and are often mutually reinforcing.

The two basic values on which the work of the Pan American Health Organization is based are inequality and Panamericanism. These values are the foundation of the cooperation with the countries, and therefore, the measurement and monitoring of health inequalities is fundamental to the decision-making process. The technical cooperation of the countries should focus on the identification of the inequalities and on the definition of effective strategies to reduce them and eventually eliminate them completely. The goal of this page is to the promote an interactive conversation about forms inequality takes in our region, in particular health, and to identify options for policies and answers, examine them and decide how they can be used for the Development Agenda Post 2015.

 Consultation – Objectives

1. To stimulate wide ranging global discussion on the various forms of inequalities and present main findings to key decision-makers and leaders;

2. To stimulate discussion and analysis on how the MDGs have supported progress on achieving gender equality, to identify remaining gaps and new issues, and to generate consensus on how best to reflect gender equality into the post-2015 development framework;

3. To develop high quality analysis on the structure, content and implications of major forms of inequalities, as continuing and major barriers to global development and social justice;

4. To examine a range of policy options and responses (both at the national and international level) and how these might be deployed in the context of the post-2015 development agenda;

5. To build understanding and political consensus — among member states, UN agencies and civil society — on the need to tackle inequalities, including gender inequality and on strategic options for doing so; and build political commitment to ensuring this is a central part of any post-2015 development framework;

6. To develop ideas about how progress towards greater equality can be measured and how goals can be defined, owned and made accountable

Consultation – Process

1. Call for/Commissioning of papers to kick off the online discussions and also for publication and to contribute to synthesis paper submitted at the leadership meeting;

2. A “global conversation” on inequalities that will take place over several months and leverage technology and social media to engage stakeholders;

3. A limited participation leadership meeting/conference (approximately 40 high level participants, e.g. ministers/officials from the Danish government, southern partner governments, major civil society/international NGO coalitions, key UN partners, members of the Secretary-General’s High Level Panel, members of the high-level working group on the SDGs) to discuss the synthesized results and findings of the global conversation as well as the papers commissioned and put forward a statement or recommendations for how these findings should be integrated into the post-2015 formal negotiation process (e.g. High-level panel report, S-G’s input to the intergovernmental negotiations, etc).

Source: “Addressing Inequalities – The Heart of the Post 2015 Development Agenda and the Future We Want for All,” (UNICEF, UN Women) September 2012 – WorldWeWant2015.org