EquiLAC II comprises a series of studies to measure and explain health systems inequalities in countries of the Americas. As such, EquiLAC II aims to update and further expand on the concepts and methods of previous studies during the late 1990s, while introducing new methodologies and advancements in health equity analysis. Please click on the following documents for more information : Agenda, EquiLAC Presentation, and Methodology Presentation.
Phase I studies will include an assessment of the sources of health care systems inequalities, the direction of inequality in selected health systems, as well as within country and cross-country comparisons. Each study will identify whether there is systematic variation in the use of health care services in relation to some variation of living standards.
These studies seek to assess inequities of health systems in terms of health needs and health care utilization, using concentration curves and indexes to measure the extent of inequalities in income groups. Large-scale national surveys are used as data sources. Countries that participated in EquiLAC I and those with two or more years of data availability will be able to study the direction of inequalities over time, in addition to the measurement and explanation of health care inequalities. Please click on Technical Guidelines for more information.
In 2010, there were six country studies in progress (Brazil, Canada, Chile, Jamaica, Mexico, and Peru) with the remaining three countries (Colombia, Ecuador, and the United States) to be added.
The nine studies will serve as the basis of a report to measure and explain health care inequalities and inequities in the Americas, and to see if countries’ health systems and policies have evolved to deliver health services equitably, effectively, and efficiently.
Gisele Almeida, Flavia Mori Sarti, Fernando Fagundes Ferreira, Maria Dolores Montoya Diaz, Antonio Carlos Coelho Campino. An analysis of the evolution and determinants of inequalities and inequities in the Brazilian Health System (1998-2008) (70.8 kB)
Michel Grignon, Jeremiah Hurley and Li Wang. Using survey and administrative data to measure income-related inequality in health care utilization in Canada (66.33 kB)
Felipe Vásquez , Manuel Estay, Guillermo Paraje, Andrea Guerrero, Iris Delgado. Income-related inequality in health and healthcare utilization in Chile (68.05 kB)
Fernando Ruiz, Teana Zapata, Liz Garavito. Equity in the colombian health system: effects from a health reform (69.64 kB)
Karl Theodore and Ewan Scott. Measuring and explaining health and health care inequalities in Jamaica: 2004-2007 (64.37 kB)
Mariana Barraza Lloréns, Giota Panopoulou, Yadira Díaz Cuervo. Health and health care inequalities and inequities in Mexico (89.27 kB)
Margarita Petrera, Martín Valdivia, Eduardo Jiménez. Equity in health and healthcare in Peru: 2004-2008 (78.59 kB)
For additional information please contact Gisele Almeida
Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization