|EPHF 2: Surveillance, research and control of the risks and threats to public health|
This function includes:
• The capacity to carry out research and surveillance of epidemic outbreaks and communicable and non-communicable diseases models, behavioral factors, accidents, and exposure to toxic substances or environmental agents detrimental to health.
• The infrastructure of public health services designed to support the elaboration of population analyses, case studies, and general epidemiological research.
• Public health laboratories capable of performing fast analyses and processing large volumes of tests to identify and control new health threats.
• The development of active programs for epidemiological surveillance and infectious disease control.
• The capacity to connect with international networks that make it possible to better tackle the health problems of greatest concern.
• Strengthening and preparation of the NHA’s ability to conduct surveillance at a local level and produce rapid responses to control health problems or specific risks.
1. Surveillance system that identifies public health threats.
2. Competence and knowledge of epidemiology.
3. Capacity of public health laboratories.
4. Ability to respond to public health problems in a timely and effective manner.
5. Advisory services and technical support for the sub-national entities of public health.
Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization