Experiences and Lessons Learned
for the Future
The heavy rains at the
beginning of 2012 in Peru forced the Government to declare a state of National Emergency
in 18 regions of the country. One of the most affected areas was the Loreto
region, in the country’s northeast. According to SENAMHI (National Service of
Meteorology and Hydrology of Peru), historical rainfall amounts were exceeded.
The losses in agricultural production and in the private and public infrastructure
were very high, but the institutional response initially deployed was not enough
to meet the needs of the population.
vulnerability increased as a result of the collapse of the sanitation systems.
In addition, the extending area of dispersion of pathogen agents increased the
probability of transmission of diseases from river waters. For this reason it
became imperative for the water, sanitation and hygiene sector to give an
immediate response in order to control the associated risks and minimize the
impact on the population.
produced by PAHO/WHO, describes the process of implementing the humanitarian
response activities, as well as the actions that contributed to the
strengthening of local, sectorial, and regional communities, with special
emphasis on lessons learned. To that end, primary and secondary sources were
analyzed, technical staff from participating agencies was interviewed, and
those who benefitted from the interventions were surveyed on the results.
The document includes a brief description of the
country, the context and the exceptional levels reached by the floods, the
affected areas, the Plan of Action for the response and the development of the
activities of this plan and response coordination strategies, good practices
and lessons learned from interventions in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector.
This publication is only available in Spanish in PDF
format. You will need Adobe
Acrobat Reader to read the
file. Download the
software for free
from the Adobe
Download the publication (4Mb)