Although maternal and child health in Peru has improved in recent years, health disparities among women and children living urban, rural, coastal, mountainous, and rainforest areas of the country continue to persist:
- The proportion of rural women who speak an indigenous Amazonian language that receive prenatal care from a health professional is lower than that their urban counterparts or women whose native language is Aymara, Quechua, or Spanish.
- The proportion of rural women who speak an indigenous Amazonian language whose deliveries are attended by health professionals is lower than that of their urban counterparts or women whose native language is Aymara, Quechua, or Spanish.
- Loreto, Ucayali, Amazonas, Puno, and Cajamarca are the six regions with the lowest percentage of births attended by health professionals.
This situation, which reflects social realities in the country, also reflects the situation of the country’s health system, which this project seeks to improve over the next three years through the following components in Jaén and Cajamarca provinces in the Cajamarca region; Bagua and Condorcanqui in the Amazonas region; and Datem del Marañón in the Loreto region.
Leadership, governance, and finances: Strengthen national capacity in the health sector to promote equitable health policies and legislation to guarantee universal access to high-quality health care.
Health service delivery: Improve the health services’ ability to provide responsible, effective, quality health care that achieves a culturally appropriate gender approach.
Health information systems: Public health information and surveillance systems strengthened at all levels of the health sector to generate timely, reliable information disaggregated by age and sex.
Monitoring and evaluation: Strengthening the capacity of national authorities to monitor and evaluate health systems based on primary health care.