A Gender-Based Analysis of HIV/AIDS in Belize
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a serious public health concern in Belize, where the total number of HIV infections reported between 1986 and 2008 reached 4,680 in a population of only 322,000 . There is growing recognition that HIV programs in Belize must identify, monitor, and respond to the distinct needs of men, women, boys and girls. A gendered approach is seen as one of the most effective strategies for reducing vulnerabilities to HIV infection, and enhancing individual and community capacities for coping with the consequences of HIV .
In this report, we present a Gender-Based Analysis (GBA) of HIV/AIDS in Belize. Added analysis of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and gender-based violence (GBV) is provided, as they affect biological risks and social vulnerabilities and help inform the GBA of HIV/AIDS. The objective is to explore current epidemiological patterns and trends, access to testing and treatment, health-related outcomes, and various risk factors associated with contracting HIV/AIDS among men, women, boys and girls living in Belize.
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